Forest Monitoring for Action (FORMA) in ASEAN Member States
At their 31st Meeting on 10 November 2010 in Brunei Darussalam, the ASEAN Ministers on Agriculture and Forestry (AMAF) endorsed the ASEAN Multi-Sectoral Framework on Climate Change: Agriculture and Forestry Towards Food Security (AFCC). The goal of the AFCC is to contribute to food security through sustainable, efficient and effective use of land, forest, water and acquatic resources by minimizing the risks and impacts of and the contributions to climate change.
Forest policy including REDD and REDD+ is a main area under the AFCC. Forest monitoring is crucial to ensure that effective measures are identified and to sustain public support for payments under the REDD scheme. The Forest Monitoring for Action (FORMA) initiative of the Center for Global Development (CGD) might be of interest to ASEAN in this regard.
FORMA is designed to facilitate forest conservation by identifying where – and when – deforestation has occurred on a monthly basis. It can, thus , be used as a deforestation alarm system. This information makes it easier to know where to intervene to stop the spread of deforestation, and is intended to complement national forest monitoring programs and local forest conservation efforts. The first phase of the FORMA system shows the spread of deforestation in Indonesia from 2000 to October 2009, producing monthly time-lapse images from December 2005 to October 2009. In future phases, FORMA will be extended to other tropical forest countries.